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One Credit Score

A credit score is a number that rates your credit risk. It can help creditors determine whether to give you credit, decide the terms they offer, or the interest rate you pay. Having a high score can benefit you in many ways. It can make it easier for you to get a loan, rent an apartment, or lower your insurance rate.

one credit score

Making sure your credit report is accurate ensures your credit score can be too. You can have multiple credit scores. The credit reporting agencies that maintain your credit reports do not calculate these scores. Instead, different companies or lenders who have their own credit scoring systems create them.

Your free annual credit report does not include your credit score, but you can get your credit score from several sources. Your credit card company may give it to you for free. You can also buy it from one of the three major credit reporting agencies. When you receive your score, you often get information on how you can improve it.

Delayed payments can have a negative impact on your credit score. To avoid this, ensure timely repayment of loan and credit card dues to maintain a good credit score. With the powerful Payments History view in the app, you get details of all your card and loan payments, including both delayed and timely payments.

Several businesses and even employers are using a credit score or credit report to make decisions about your creditworthiness and financial behaviour. It is important to be aware of factors that affect your credit score, and manage them effectively.

Credit scores are required for most loans purchased or securitized by Fannie Mae. The classic FICO credit score is produced from software developed by Fair Isaac Corporation and is available from the three major credit repositories. Fannie Mae requires the following versions of the classic FICO score for both DU and manually underwritten mortgage loans:

Note: The credit report will indicate if a credit score could not be produced due to insufficient credit. The credit report must be maintained in the loan file, whether the report includes traditional credit and a credit score or indicates that a credit score could not be produced due to insufficient or frozen credit.

The requirements are published in the Eligibility Matrix and are based on the credit score and the highest of the LTV, CLTV, or HCLTV ratios (as applicable); loan purpose; number of units; amortization type; and DTI ratio. To determine the credit score that applies for loan eligibility, use the following:

Credit scores are not an integral part of DU's risk assessment because DU performs its own analysis of the credit report data. However, lenders must request credit scores for each borrower from each of the three credit repositories when they order the three in-file merged credit report, described in B3-5.2-01, Requirements for Credit Reports. If one or two of the credit repositories do not contain any credit information for the borrowers who have traditional credit, the credit report is still acceptable as long as

Note: When a loan casefile is submitted to DU for a borrower with a credit score, but only medical tradelines are reported on the credit report, the loan casefile will receive an Out of Scope recommendation. The lender can manually underwrite the loan casefile in accordance with the Selling Guide.

Loan Delivery collects credit score data for each borrower and also at the loan level. Lenders are required to deliver the representative credit score for all loans. This applies even if the average median credit score is used for loan eligibility and may result in delivery of loans with representative scores less than 620. For additional information, see the Loan Delivery Job Aid: Credit Scores.

Loan-level price adjustments (LLPAs) are assessed based on the representative credit score for the loan, in addition to other eligibility and loan features. See the Loan-Level Price Adjustment (LLPA) Matrix for additional information about LLPAs, including information about how LLPAs are assessed for loans that include borrowers without a credit score.

The credit scores provided are based on the VantageScore 3.0 model. For three-bureau VantageScore credit scores, data from Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion are used respectively. Any one-bureau VantageScore uses Equifax data. Third parties use many different types of credit scores and are likely to use a different type of credit score to assess your creditworthiness.

The credit score provided is a VantageScore 3.0 credit score based on Equifax data. Third parties use many different types of credit scores and are likely to use a different type of credit score to assess your creditworthiness.

Locking your Equifax credit report will prevent access to it by certain third parties. Locking your Equifax credit report will not prevent access to your credit report at any other credit reporting agency. Entities that may still have access to your Equifax credit report include: companies like Equifax Global Consumer Solutions, which provide you with access to your credit report or credit score, or monitor your credit report as part of a subscription or similar service; companies that provide you with a copy of your credit report or credit score, upon your request; federal, state and local government agencies and courts in certain circumstances; companies using the information in connection with the underwriting of insurance, or for employment, tenant or background screening purposes; companies that have a current account or relationship with you, and collection agencies acting on behalf of those whom you owe; companies that authenticate a consumer's identity for purposes other than granting credit, or for investigating or preventing actual or potential fraud; and companies that wish to make pre-approved offers of credit or insurance to you. To opt out of such pre-approved offers, visit

Before transferring a balance, though, it's important to get the full picture of how your credit signals change when a balance transfer occurs. Part of that is understanding the effect that balance transfers have on your credit score.

Perhaps you have several credit cards open and are carrying a large balance on one of your cards with a high interest rate. If you move this balance to one or more of your other cards with a lower interest rate, your credit score won't be affected.

By keeping your existing cards and not opening any new ones, you won't post any so-called hard inquiries on your credit report. Transferring balances between existing cards also keeps both your available credit and your credit utilization ratio (the percentage of your available credit that you are using) unchanged. All of these elements impact your credit score, but as long as you maintain your current card portfolio and make regular payments as scheduled, your credit score should stay the same.

Opening a new card could cause a hard inquiry or credit check on your credit report, which could have a negative impact against your credit score. However, opening a new line of credit could improve your utilization rate by increasing your available credit limits.

Limit the negative effects on your credit score of hard inquiries or credit checks and new credit by applying for just a single card. Do your research first and pick one card suitable for a balance transfer, preferably one that also offers a low introductory APR.

Average account age and credit mix both factor into your credit score. By not canceling any of your cards (even when you have paid off the balance entirely through a balance transfer), you will keep these elements of your score intact.

You could move your credit score in the right direction if you proactively use a balance transfer to pay down debt. Transferring a balance to a card with a low introductory rate allows you to pause" interest accruals so you can get a handle on your balance. Reducing your debt by paying off more than the minimum payments will drive your credit score higher by on-time payments and improving your credit utilization ratio.

If you continue to roll your balances into new cards, your credit score could eventually be lowered to the point that you won't qualify for any new credit (or loans). Not only that, your balance transfer fees could add up over time, minimizing the savings you get by reducing your interest rates.

With a good credit score, you will likely qualify for new credit cards and even some that offer an introductory 0% APR. Transferring your balances to a low-introductory-rate card lets you "pause" new interest while you work to pay down your balance and accrued interest. But while these kinds of cards typically offer no or very low interest for 12 to 18 months, they will likely require a good credit score.

Balance transfers can lead to big savings in interest, but opening new cards for the purpose of transferring a balance can affect your credit score either positively or negatively: so take care to know the advantages and disadvantages of balance transfers before you move your open balance. Find out what your credit score is today to establish a baseline, and be responsible when applying for new credit to keep your score headed in the right direction. 041b061a72


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