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How to Master Critical Care Nursing: Diagnosis and Management, 8e - A Comprehensive and Evidence-Based Textbook


- Overview of the book: What are the main features and benefits of the 8th edition? - How to use the book: Tips and tricks for getting the most out of the book H2: Part One: Foundations in Critical Care Nursing - Chapter 1: Caring for the Critically Ill Patient - Chapter 2: Ethical and Legal Issues - Chapter 3: Patient and Family Education H2: Part Two: Cardiovascular Alterations - Chapter 4: Assessment of Cardiovascular Function - Chapter 5: Cardiovascular Therapeutic Interventions - Chapter 6: Cardiovascular Disorders - Chapter 7: Cardiovascular Surgery H2: Part Three: Pulmonary Alterations - Chapter 8: Assessment of Pulmonary Function - Chapter 9: Pulmonary Therapeutic Interventions - Chapter 10: Pulmonary Disorders - Chapter 11: Acute Respiratory Failure and Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome H2: Part Four: Neurologic Alterations - Chapter 12: Assessment of Neurologic Function - Chapter 13: Neurologic Therapeutic Interventions - Chapter 14: Neurologic Disorders and Neurologic Trauma H2: Part Five: Kidney Alterations - Chapter 15: Assessment of Kidney Function - Chapter 16: Kidney Therapeutic Interventions - Chapter 17: Kidney Disorders and Kidney Failure H2: Part Six: Gastrointestinal Alterations - Chapter 18: Assessment of Gastrointestinal Function - Chapter 19: Gastrointestinal Therapeutic Interventions - Chapter 20: Gastrointestinal Disorders and Surgery H2: Part Seven: Endocrine Alterations - Chapter 21: Assessment of Endocrine Function - Chapter 22: Endocrine Therapeutic Interventions - Chapter 23: Endocrine Disorders H2: Part Eight: Multisystem Alterations - Chapter 24: Trauma - Chapter 25: Shock, Sepsis, and Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome - Chapter 26: Hematologic and Immune Disorders - Chapter 27: Oncologic Emergencies H2: Part Nine: Special Populations in Critical Care - Chapter 28: The Obstetric Patient - Chapter 29: The Pediatric Patient - Chapter 30: The Older Adult Patient - Chapter 31: The Postanesthesia Patient - Chapter 32: The Patient Receiving Moderate Sedation/Analgesia H1: Conclusion - Summary of the main points and takeaways from the book - Recommendations for further reading and resources H1: FAQs - Q1. Who is this book for? - Q2. How can I access the online resources that come with the book? - Q3. What are some of the new features and updates in the 8th edition? - Q4. How can I test my knowledge and skills after reading the book? - Q5. How can I contact the authors or provide feedback on the book? Table 2. Article with HTML formatting ```html Critical Care Nursing: Diagnosis And Management, 8e - A Comprehensive Guide for Nurses




If you are a nurse who works in a critical care setting, you know how challenging and rewarding it can be. You deal with complex and life-threatening situations every day, and you need to have the knowledge and skills to provide the best possible care for your patients.




[PDF] Critical Care Nursing: Diagnosis And Management, 8e.epub



That's why you need a reliable and up-to-date resource that covers all aspects of critical care nursing. And that's why you need Critical Care Nursing: Diagnosis And Management, 8e.


This book is the ultimate guide for critical care nurses, written by experts in the field who have years of experience and expertise. It covers everything from the foundations of critical care nursing to the specific alterations and disorders that affect each body system. It also includes special topics such as trauma, shock, sepsis, and multisystem organ failure, as well as special populations such as obstetric, pediatric, older adult, and postanesthesia patients.


In this article, we will give you an overview of the book, its main features and benefits, and how to use it effectively. We will also answer some frequently asked questions that you may have about the book. By the end of this article, you will have a clear idea of what this book can offer you and how it can help you improve your practice and outcomes.


How to use the book: Tips and tricks for getting the most out of the book




Before we dive into the details of each part and chapter of the book, let's talk about how to use the book effectively. Here are some tips and tricks that will help you get the most out of the book:


  • Read the preface and introduction. These sections will give you an overview of the purpose, scope, and organization of the book, as well as the authors' philosophy and approach to critical care nursing.



  • Use the table of contents and index. These tools will help you navigate the book and find the information you need quickly and easily.



  • Use the online resources. The book comes with access to a companion website that offers a wealth of additional resources, such as case studies, review questions, interactive activities, animations, videos, podcasts, and more. These resources will help you reinforce your learning, apply your knowledge to real-world scenarios, and prepare for exams and certifications.



  • Use the learning features. The book is designed to facilitate your learning and comprehension with a variety of features, such as learning objectives, key terms, critical thinking questions, nursing care plans, evidence-based practice boxes, clinical alerts, patient safety alerts, drug alerts, cultural competency boxes, research briefs, tables, figures, charts, graphs, and more. These features will help you focus on the most important concepts and skills, highlight the best practices and guidelines, alert you to potential risks and complications, and illustrate the data and evidence that support your decisions.



  • Use the references and appendices. The book provides a comprehensive list of references at the end of each chapter that will help you explore further sources of information on each topic. The book also includes several appendices that provide useful tools and data for your practice, such as normal laboratory values, common abbreviations and acronyms, drug calculations, formulas and equations, ACLS algorithms, and more.



By following these tips and tricks, you will be able to use the book effectively and efficiently. You will also be able to enhance your learning experience and outcomes.


Part One: Foundations in Critical Care Nursing




The first part of the book covers the basic concepts and principles that underlie critical care nursing. It consists of three chapters that address the following topics:


Chapter 1: Caring for the Critically Ill Patient




This chapter introduces you to the role and scope of critical care nursing. It defines what critical care is, what types of patients require critical care, what settings provide critical care services, and what standards and competencies guide critical care nursing practice. It also discusses the challenges and opportunities that critical care nurses face in their work environment.


Chapter 2: Ethical and Legal Issues




This chapter explores the ethical and legal issues that arise in critical care nursing. It explains the ethical principles and frameworks that guide decision making in critical care situations, such as autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, justice, fidelity, and veracity. It also discusses the legal aspects of critical care nursing, such as informed consent, advance directives, surrogate decision making, confidentiality, privacy, and liability. It also provides examples of ethical dilemmas and legal cases that illustrate these issues in practice.


Chapter 3: Patient and Family Education




This chapter emphasizes the importance of patient and family education in critical care nursing. It describes the goals and benefits of patient and family education, as well as the barriers and challenges that may hinder it. It also outlines the steps and strategies for planning, implementing, and evaluating patient and family education in critical care settings. It also provides examples of educational topics and resources that are relevant for critically ill patients and their families.


Part Two: Cardiovascular Alterations




craniotomy, craniectomy, cranioplasty, ventriculostomy, and neurosurgery. It also discusses the indications, contraindications, complications, and nursing implications of each intervention.


Chapter 14: Neurologic Disorders and Neurologic Trauma




This chapter presents the most common and important neurologic disorders and neurologic trauma that affect critically ill patients. It covers the pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, management, and nursing care of each disorder and trauma. The disorders and trauma include stroke, transient ischemic attack, subarachnoid hemorrhage, intracerebral hemorrhage, cerebral aneurysm, arteriovenous malformation, brain tumor, meningitis, encephalitis, brain abscess, seizures, status epilepticus, Guillain-Barré syndrome, myasthenia gravis, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, spinal cord injury, and head injury.


Part Five: Kidney Alterations




The fifth part of the book covers the kidney alterations and disorders that affect critically ill patients. It consists of three chapters that address the following topics:


Chapter 15: Assessment of Kidney Function




This chapter reviews the anatomy and physiology of the urinary system and the methods and tools for assessing its function. It explains the principles and techniques of physical examination, urinalysis, urine culture and sensitivity, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, glomerular filtration rate, electrolytes, acid-base balance, osmolality, urine output measurement, renal biopsy, ultrasound, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, intravenous pyelography, cystoscopy, and other diagnostic tests. It also discusses the interpretation and implications of the assessment findings for critical care nursing.


Chapter 16: Kidney Therapeutic Interventions




This chapter describes the various therapeutic interventions that are used to treat kidney alterations and disorders in critical care settings. It covers the pharmacologic agents, such as diuretics, antihypertensives, antibiotics, anticoagulants, and immunosuppressants, as well as the nonpharmacologic interventions, such as fluid therapy, electrolyte replacement, acid-base correction, nutritional therapy, dialysis, continuous renal replacement therapy, kidney transplantation, and nephrectomy. It also discusses the indications, contraindications, complications, and nursing implications of each intervention.


Chapter 17: Kidney Disorders and Kidney Failure




This chapter presents the most common and important kidney disorders and kidney failure that affect critically ill patients. It covers the pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, management, and nursing care of each disorder and failure. The disorders and failure include acute kidney injury (AKI), chronic kidney disease (CKD), glomerulonephritis, pyelonephritis, nephrolithiasis (kidney stones), hydronephrosis (kidney swelling), polycystic kidney disease (PKD), renal artery stenosis (RAS), renal vein thrombosis (RVT), nephrotic syndrome (NS), and renal cancer.


Part Six: Gastrointestinal Alterations




The sixth part of the book covers the gastrointestinal alterations and disorders that affect critically ill patients. It consists of three chapters that address the following topics:


Chapter 18: Assessment of Gastrointestinal Function




barium swallow, barium enema, abdominal ultrasound, abdominal computed tomography, abdominal magnetic resonance imaging, abdominal angiography, liver biopsy, and other diagnostic tests. It also discusses the interpretation and implications of the assessment findings for critical care nursing.


Chapter 19: Gastrointestinal Therapeutic Interventions




This chapter describes the various therapeutic interventions that are used to treat gastrointestinal alterations and disorders in critical care settings. It covers the pharmacologic agents, such as antacids, histamine-2 blockers, proton pump inhibitors, antidiarrheals, laxatives, antiemetics, prokinetics, antibiotics, antiparasitics, antifungals, antivirals, immunosuppressants, and chemotherapeutic agents, as well as the nonpharmacologic interventions, such as nutritional therapy, enteral feeding, parenteral nutrition, fluid and electrolyte therapy, acid-base therapy, blood transfusion, gastric decompression, nasogastric tube insertion and management, percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube insertion and management, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), sphincterotomy, stent placement, lithotripsy, paracentesis, peritoneal dialysis, and gastrointestinal surgery. It also discusses the indications, contraindications, complications, and nursing implications of each intervention.


Chapter 20: Gastrointestinal Disorders and Surgery




This chapter presents the most common and important gastrointestinal disorders and surgery that affect critically ill patients. It covers the pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, management, and nursing care of each disorder and surgery. The disorders and surgery include gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), peptic ulcer disease (PUD), gastritis, gastrointestinal bleeding, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), diverticular disease, intestinal obstruction, intestinal ischemia, intestinal perforation, peritonitis, appendicitis, cholecystitis, cholelithiasis (gallstones), pancreatitis, hepatitis, cirrhosis, portal hypertension, esophageal varices, ascites, hepatic encephalopathy, hepatorenal syndrome, liver failure, liver transplantation, and gastrointestinal cancer.


Part Seven: Endocrine Alterations




The seventh part of the book covers the endocrine alterations and disorders that affect critically ill patients. It consists of three chapters that address the following topics:


Chapter 21: Assessment of Endocrine Function




This chapter reviews the anatomy and physiology of the endocrine system and the methods and tools for assessing its function. It explains the principles and techniques of physical examination, blood test, urine test, saliva test, stimulation test, suppression test, imaging test, biopsy test, and other diagnostic tests. It also discusses the interpretation and implications of the assessment findings for critical care nursing.


Chapter 22: Endocrine Therapeutic Interventions




and hormone inhibitors, as well as the nonpharmacologic interventions, such as fluid and electrolyte therapy, glucose monitoring and management, nutritional therapy, and endocrine surgery. It also discusses the indications, contraindications, complications, and nursing implications of each intervention.


Chapter 23: Endocrine Disorders




This chapter presents the most common and important endocrine disorders that affect critically ill patients. It covers the pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, management, and nursing care of each disorder. The disorders include diabetes mellitus (DM), diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state (HHS), hypoglycemia, thyroid disorders (hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, thyroid storm, myxedema coma), adrenal disorders (Cushing's syndrome, Addison's disease, adrenal crisis), pituitary disorders (acromegaly, gigantism, dwarfism, diabetes insipidus [DI], syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone [SIADH]), and multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN).


Part Eight: Multisystem Alterations




The eighth part of the book covers the multisystem alterations and disorders that affect critically ill patients. It consists of four chapters that address the following topics:


Chapter 24: Trauma




This chapter covers the general principles and concepts of trauma care in critical care settings. It defines what trauma is, what causes it, how it is classified and graded, and how it is managed. It also discusses the epidemiology, prevention, assessment, resuscitation, stabilization, transfer, and rehabilitation of trauma patients. It also provides a brief overview of the specific types of trauma, such as blunt trauma, penetrating trauma, blast injury, thermal injury, electrical injury, chemical injury, and radiation injury.


Chapter 25: Shock, Sepsis, and Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome




This chapter focuses on the three most serious and life-threatening multisystem conditions that affect critically ill patients: shock, sepsis, and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). It defines what these conditions are, what causes them, how they are diagnosed, and how they are treated. It also explains the pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, complications, and nursing care of these conditions. It also provides a comparison table that highlights the similarities and differences between the different types of shock, such as hypovolemic shock, cardiogenic shock, distributive shock (septic shock, anaphylactic shock, neurogenic shock), and obstructive shock.


Chapter 26: Hematologic and Immune Disorders




This chapter presents the most common and important hematologic and immune disorders that affect critically ill patients. It covers the pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, management, and nursing care of each disorder. The disorders include anemia, polycythemia, bleeding disorders (hemophilia, von Willebrand disease, disseminated intravascular coagulation [DIC]), thrombotic disorders (deep vein thrombosis [DVT], pulmonary embolism [PE], arterial thromboembolism), transfusion reactions, hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN), sickle cell disease (SCD), thalassemia, leukemia, lymphoma, multiple myeloma, myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), aplastic anemia, immune deficiency disorders (primary immunodeficiency [PID], acquired immunodeficiency syndrome [AIDS]), autoimmune disorders (systemic lupus erythematosus [SLE], rheumatoid arthritis [RA], myasthenia gravis [MG], Guillain-Barré syndrome [GBS], multiple sclerosis [MS]), and hypersensitivity reactions (type I [anaphylaxis], type II [cytotoxic], type III [immune complex], type IV [delayed]).


Chapter 27: Oncologic Emergencies




This chapter covers the oncologic emergencies that affect critically ill patients. It defines what oncologic emergencies are, what causes them, how they are diagnosed, and how they are treated. It also discusses the pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, complications, and nursing care of each oncologic emergency. The oncologic emergencies include superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS), spinal cord compression, hypercalcemia, tumor lysis syndrome (TLS), syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH), pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade, and febrile neutropenia.


Part Nine: Special Populations in Critical Care




The ninth and final part of the book covers the special populations that require critical care services. It consists of five chapters that address the following topics:


Chapter 28: The Obstetric Patient




cholecystitis, cholelithiasis [gallstones], pancreatitis, hepatitis, cirrhosis, portal hypertension, esophageal varices, ascites, hepatic encephalopathy, hepatorenal syndrome, liver failure, liver transplantation), and oncologic disorders of pregnancy (gestational trophoblastic disease [GTD], cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, breast cancer).


Chapter 29: The Pediatric Patient




This chapter covers the critical care of the pediatric patient. It defines what pediatric critical care is, what types of patients require it, what settings provide it, and what standar


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